NEPAL, Federal Democratic Republic, a country in the Himalayas, borders India. Capital city is
Kathmandu. Eight of the ten highest mountains of the world are located here, which includes the
famous Mount Everest. Tourism motives in this country include mountainous climate, resorts for
rest and relaxation, general sightseeing, adventure tourism like mountaineering, trekking,
mountain biking, bungee jumping, zip lining, rock climbing, paragliding, hot air ballooning,
waterways rafting, kayaking, canoeing, jungle safaris specially in the Terai region, bird watching
and pilgrimage of Hindu and Buddhist religious sites. The UNESCO World Heritage site Lumbini,
the birth place of Gautama Buddha is in southern Nepal besides several other important and
revered religious pilgrimage sites all over the country. Kathmandu is the international airport.
There are several domestic airports to cover important tourist destinations within the country.
Nepal is also connected with India by roadways.
Getting around: Domestic air, autos, taxis, buses and tour vehicles
Tourist seasons: HigHigh tourist season is from September to November, March to May, mid
season June to August and low season December to February.
Weather: Climatological Information Kathmandu, Nepal, source Nepal Department of Hydrology
and Meteorology. Altitudes and other factors may substantially influence the weather conditions in
the same city, town and neighborhood. Historical data may not be relied on for current conditions.
Visit relevant source for other climate variables.
100mm = 3.9370 inches, 50mm = 1.9685 inches, 25mm = 0.9842 inches, 12.5mm = 0.4921 inches
Attention: Please note that the averaging period for climatological information and the
definition of "Mean Number of Rain Days" quoted in this web site may be different for
different countries. Hence, care should be taken when city climatologies are compared.
Tour sites and attractions:
Kathmandu, the largest city in Nepal, is located at an elevation of about 4265 feet above the sea
level encompasses two other cities Patan and Bhaktapur. The city has been very popular with the
tourists. There are over 125 monuments, temples, monasteries, palaces, scenic beauty,
architecture, erotic carvings and other attractions to amuse the interests of any tourist. UNESCO
World Heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley are Durbar Square of Hanuman Dhoka, Patan,
Bhaktapur, the Buddhist stupas of Swayambhu, Boudhnath, and the Hindu temples of
Pashupatinath, Changu Narayan and Lumbini.
National Museum, located in Kathmandu, the museum displays masterpieces of art, artifacts,
sculptures, pictures of historical royals and much more.
Nagarkot, at a height of about 7100 feet above the sea level east of Kathmandu is one of the
most popular tourist destinations for beautiful views of the Himalayas like the Mount Everest,
Manaslu, Gauri Shankar and others. With its favorable climatic conditions, magnificent sunrise
views, nice resorts and amenities is popular with holidaying couples.
Dhulikhel, about 30 miles from Kathmandu, has breathtaking views of the snowy Himalayas
and is popular for short treks.
Patan also known as Lalitpur, about 7 kms (4.40 miles) from Kathmandu Valley, is called
the city of festivals, feasts, fine ancient art, metallic and stone carved statues. There are over 1200
Buddhist monuments scattered in and around the city. Patan Durbar Square, housing a museum,
is the UNESCO Heritage Site. Other places of interest may be the Patan Dhoka, a historical
entrances to the old city, Bhaskerdev Samskarita Hiranyabarna Mahavihara, a Buddhist temple
locally known as Golden Temple, Mahabouddha Temple also known as 1000 Buddha Temple
modeled after the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya (India) and others.
Bhaktapur also known as Bhadgaon or Khwopa, 13 kms (8 miles) from Kathmandu, is listed
as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO for its rich culture, temples, wood, metal and stone artwork
and is highly visited area known as Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Bhaktapur is considered to be the
place of ancient Nepali culture. Attractions around here may be 55 Window Palace, Lion’s Gate,
Golden Gate and quite a few other temples.
Lumbini, about 300 kms (187 miles) from Kathmandu, is the birth place of Siddhartha Gautam
Budhha and thus a sacred pilgrimage with a large historical stone pillar inscribing his birth. Other
attraction of the area include Lion Gate, Golden Gate, Art Gallery, Statue of King Bhupatindra,
Nyatapola Temple and fifty five windowed Malla palace and an interesting destination for
birdwatchers for rare bird species.
Jomson also known as Dzongsam or New Fort, a town located at an altitude of about 2800
meter (9187 feet) in Mustang District, extending over both the banks of the Kali Gandaki River
where there are rocks holy to the Hindus with soaring peaks of Dhaulagiri and Nilgiri forming
its backdrop. There is an airport at Jomson with regular flights or one can follow the Jomson trek
north of Pokhara, the deep valleys and high mountains encircling the giant Annapurna Himalayas.
This is the most popular trekking region with plenty of trekking routes attracting over 75 percent of
the trekkers. Jomsom may be reached by crossing the challenging Thorong La or Thorung La
summit pass or by trekking up the extraordinary Kali Gandaki from Pokhara.
Pokhara, about 200 kms (124 miles) from Kathmandu, is one of the most popular tourist
destinations of Nepal. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna
I and Manaslu are within 30 miles of this city, therefore, the northern skyline of the city offers a
very close view of the Himalayas. The city is also the base for trekkers undertaking the
Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP region. Pokhara is the largest tourist city in the country and
home to great Himalayan trails. There are two major hilltops as its viewpoints to view the city and
surrounding panorama, World Peace Pagoda across the southern shore of Phewa lake and
Sarangkot which is located northwest of the city. Also located here are the International Mountain
Museum, Pokhara Regional Museum an ethnographic museum, Annapurna Natural History
Museum and Gurkha Museum featuring history of the Gurkha Solders.
Chitwan National Park previously known as Royal Chitwan National Parks, covering an area
of about 932 sq kms (360 sq miles) is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south
central Nepal in the Chitwan District at an altitude ranging from 330 ft in the river valleys to 2674
feet in Churia Hills. In the north and west of the protected area the Narayani-Rapti river system
forms a natural boundary to human settlements. Adjacent to the east of the park is Parsa Wildlife
Reserve; contiguous in the south is the Indian Tiger Reserve Valmiki National Park. The wide
range of vegetation types in the park is more than 700 species of wildlife and not yet fully
surveyed number of butterfly, moth and inspect species and is also home to at least 43 species of
mammals with the kind of the jungle the Bengal Tiger, leopards, sloth bears, smooth-coated
otters, Bengal foxes, spotted linsangs and much more.
Sagarmtha National Park is a protected area in the Himalayas of eastern Nepal dominated by
Mount Everest encompassing an area of 1149 sq kms (443 sq miles) in the Solukhumbu District
ranging in elevation from 2845 meters (9334 feet) to 8848 meters (29029 feet) at the summit of
Mount Everest in the north sharing international border with the Qomolangma National Nature
Preserve of Tibet and extends to the Dudh Koshi river in the south. Adjacent to the east is the
Makalu Barun National Park. The protected area has been identified as an important Bird Area by
BirdLife International and is included in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape. The forest zone mainly
with birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo and rhododendron provide habitat to at least 188
species of birds including Himalayan Monal, Blood pheasant, Red-billed chough, yellow-billed
chough and is home to number of mammal including musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan black
bear, red panda, Himalayan thars, langur monkeys, martens and Himalayan wolves.
Tour packages: Air, hotel, auto rental, tour packages by air, road, transfers from airport to hotel
and back, local sightseeing and other combinations.
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