Tours Kerala And Backwaters

Kerala, a state in India with capital city Thiruvananthapuram previously known as Trivandrum, is
the most popular tourist destination in India. The backwaters, the beaches, the mountain ranges
and the wildlife sanctuaries make it a most desirable destination both for domestic and
international tourists. There is a network of forty four rivers. Coconut and the palm trees shade
nearly the entire state from the tropical sun. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters with its
famous houseboats, lush green hill stations, exotic wildlife, ayurvedic health resorts, enchanting
art forms, magical festivals, historic and cultural monuments, an exotic cuisine all offer a unique
experience. National Geographic Traveler magazine names it as one of the ten paradises of the
world and one of the 50 must see destinations of a lifetime besides some other accolades. Places
and sights of tourist interest may include the following:

Kerala Backwaters, parallel to the Arabian Sea is a network of five lakes inter-connected by
canals fed by 38 rivers spread over half the length of the state of Kerala, which forms about 900
kms (560 miles) of waterways. Vembanad Kayal is the largest of all the lakes. Along this
waterways are many cities and towns which serve as starting and or ending point of backwater
boats or houseboats (locally known as Kettuvallams) cruising. For the benefit of tourists and tour
operators the Government of Kerala has categorized these boats as Platinum, Gold and Silver
to represent their ratings. Boat or houseboat trips can be taken from and to any of these cities,
towns along the waterways but most tourist cruises are around Alappuzha also known as
Alleppey (64 kms or 40 miles from Kochi and 160kms or 100 miles from Thiruvananthapuram).
Some of the other backwater cruising points are as follows:

Kolam to Alappuzha is the longest cruise of about 8 hours is 205 kms (155 miles) stretch
Kollam (80 kms or 50 miles from Thiruvananthapuram)
Kottapuram (35 kms or 22 miles from Kochi)
Kumarakom (80 kms or 50 miles from Kochi)
Kuttanad (86 kms or 52 miles from Kochi)
Kasargod is another backwater destination more conveniently reachable from Mangalore, in the
state of Karnataka (about 50 kms or 31 miles),
Thiruvallam (about 6 kms or 4 miles from Thiruvananthapuram)

Ayurvedic Health Centers are available at most tourist destinations in Kerala.

Thiruvananthapuram (Trivadrum) is located at the south western tip of India and is bounded by
the Arabian Sea on the west and state of Tamil Nadu on the east. The wooded highlands on the
Western Ghats in the Eastern and North Eastern borders have a long shoreline with
internationally renowned beaches, famous backwater stretches, historic monuments, picnic spots
and rich cultural heritage make this area a much sought after tourist destination. The city is
characterized by terrain of low coastal hills and busy commercial alleys. Thiruvananthapuram
(Trivandrum) is an international airport, has about five railways stations within the city limits and is
well connected by highways and roadways transportation.

Kovalam Beach, 16 kms (10 miles) from Thiruvananthapuram, is the internationally renowned
beach resort favorite haunt of tourists. Kovalam, literally meaning a grove of coconut trees
consists of three adjacent crescent beaches the southernmost known as the Lighthouse beach, is
the most popular with host of shops, restaurants, eateries and shacks offering all kind of goods
and services.

Padmanabha Swami Temple, is located inside the East Fort in Thiruvananthapuram. The
Temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and has a blend of the Kerala and Dravidian styles of
architecture. It is known for its mural paintings and
stone carvings. One among the 108 sacred
Vishnu Temples in India, the presiding deity here is Lord Vishnu.

Kathiramalika Palace Museum, located in Thiruvananthapuram, was built by Maharaja Swathi
Thirunal Balarama Varma, the king of Travancore, who was a great poet, musician, social
reformer and statesman, is a rare specimen of workmanship in the traditional Travancore style of
architecture and also has exquisite woodcarvings. The palace museum displays paintings and
various priceless collections of the royal family.

The Napier Museum, located in Thiruvananthapuram, was built in the 19th century. This Indo-
Saracenic structure boasts a natural air-conditioning system. It houses a rare collection of
archaeological and historic artifacts, bronze idols, ancient ornaments, a temple chariot and ivory
carvings. The use of plastic is banned in the museum premises.

Sree Chithra Art Gallery, located near the Napier Museum in Thiruvananthapuram, displays
select paintings of Raja Ravi Varma, Svetlova and Nicholas Roerich, exquisite works from the
Rajput, Mughal and Tanjore schools of Art in India besides Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese art
works with a section for miniature paintings.

Thiruvallam Backwaters, is about 10 kms (6 miles) from the Thiruvananthapuram city. The
serene backwater stretch enroute to Kovalam. It is popular for canoe rides, houseboats, local
fishing villages, tours for the scenic beauty around, the exotic flowers, vegetation and more. Killi
and Karamana rivers come together here to offer a spectacular view of its environment.

Aruvikkara Dam, 16 kms (10 miles) from Thiruvananthapuram city, is this picturesque picnic spot
on the banks of the Karamana River, near the Durga Temple with a stream full of fish that
fearlessly come close to the shore to be fed by the visitors. The stream and the beautiful garden
here make it a desirable tourist area.

Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin), 100 kms (62 miles) from Thiruvananthapuram, the land’s end of
India or the point where the three seas meet, is the enchanting Kanyakumari. It is one of the most
popular tourist spots in the country. Part of the fascination, of course, is the fact that it is the tip of
the Indian Peninsula and the confluence of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea and the Indian
Ocean. Accessible by road transportation and railways the places of tourist interest here are
Tiruvalluvar Statue, Gandhi Memorial, Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Padmanabhapuram
Swami Temple, en route to Kanyakumari from Thiruvananthapuram and more.

Alappuzha (Alleppey), about 82 kms (52 miles) from Kochi (Cochin) airport and 152 kms (95
miles) from Thiruvananthapuram airport, is a district of immense natural beauty. It is considered
to be the oldest modern town in the region. The Arabian Sea on the west, vast network of lakes,
lagoons and fresh water rivers crisscross here. Referred to as the Venice of the East by travelers
from across the world, this area is also home to diverse animal and bird life. Today, Alappuzha
(Alleppey) has grown in importance as a backwater tourist center and also has become well
known for boat races, houseboat holidays, beaches and marine products.

Kuttanad, an important historical place in the state, is located about 20 kms (12 miles) from
Alappuzha. Because of the vast picturesque paddy fields, it is called the rice bowl of Kerala. It is
located at the very heart of backwaters with scenic countryside and shimmering waterways. This
is perhaps the only region in the world where farming is done 1.5 to 2 mt (4 to 7 ft) below sea
level. Inland waterways flowing above land level are an amazing feature.

Alappuzha Beach (Alleppey Beach), is one of the most popular picnic spots in Alappuzha
(Alleppey) with a small park nearby. The pier, which extends into the sea, is over 137 years old.
Entertainment facilities at the Vijaya Beach Park add to the attractions of the beach. The beach is
known to have been a location for movie shootings and an old lighthouse nearby fascinates all

Pathiramanal, a birdwatchers’ paradise, a little island on the backwaters with great scenic
beauty, about 1.5 km (1 mile) from nearest boat jetty and about 14 kms (8 miles) from Alapuzha,
is accessible by boat only and is a favorite haunt of about hundred species of rare and migratory
birds from different parts of the world.

Champakulam, 15 kms (9 miles) from Alleppey, a small village with natural scenic beauty, is an
important tourist resort area with all kinds of amenities like hotels, banks, Atms, art emporium,
shops, medical facilities and others. A multitudes of houseboats move around in the River Pampa
which runs through the village to divide it in to two parts. A boat race is held on a certain
auspicious day every year. Champakulam Church is one of the oldest churches in Kerala, the St
Mary’s Church is believed to be one of the seven established by St Thomas.

Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna Temple, about 15 kms (9 miles) south of Alappuzha, built in the
typical Kerala architectural style, is famous all over India for the Palpayasam, the daily offering of
deliciously sweet milk porridge. It is also in this temple that Pallipana is performed by Velans
(sorcerers) once every twelve years.

Ernakulam or Kochi, previously known as Cochin, is the green commercial capital of Kerala with
one of the finest natural harbors in the world. Ernakulam is located on the coast of the Arabian
sea with Kottayam and Alappuzha districts on the south, Idukki on the east and Thrissur on the
north. Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and the Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to
Kochi and left their impressions in the town. Ernakulam has an international airport at
Nedumbassery about 20 Kms (12 miles) from town, which is well connected by air, rail and bus
services within the country. Places of tourist interest may include the following:

Fort Kochi Beach, with unique Chinese fishing nets and the sailing ships in the background, is a
desirable area for a stroll both by locals and the tourists, specially for the breathtaking view of the
sunset, greenery on the walkway, the sea food, the adjacent Vasco Da Gama square, a
lighthouse and the granite walkway.

St Francis Church, a historical and an oldest European built church, is where Vasco da Gama
was originally buried but later the remains were taken back to Portugal.

Vasco House, one of the oldest Portuguese houses, located on Rose Street, is where Vasco Da
Gama is believed to have lived.

Santa Cruz Basilica, one of the eight Basilicas in India, originally a church built by Portuguese
later named as a cathedral and subsequently destroyed by British, was rebuild in 1905 and raised
to the status of Basilica by Pop John Paul II, is a place of historically importance and religious
devotion build in a beautiful architectural grandeur.

Jewish Synagogue, a historically important place of worship was build, destroyed and rebuilt to
this present form by the Dutch. A clock tower was added in a later century. It is magnificently
decorated with Chinese tiles where no tile is like the other. The Belgian chandeliers and a giant
scrolls of the Old Testament are laid here.

Dutch Palace, a historical palace also known as Mattancherry Palace, was originally build by the
Portugese and gifted as a present to the Raja (King) of Cochin. It has a fine collection of mural
paintings depicting scenes from the Hindu epics Mahabharata and Ramayana, portraits and
exhibits of the historical rulers of the area.

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary, an ecologically sensitive area situated in the heart of Kochi, a
nature’s greenery, is home to many exotic and rare varieties of migratory and resident birds in
this small tidal wetland, which was declared a protected area due to congregation of breeding
birds in this mangrove vegetation.

Museum of Kerala History, is located in Kalamassery, a suburban area of city of Kochi, with
industry concentration and Periyar river flowing through the town. The museum has spectacular
audio-visual exhibits depicting the history and culture of Kerala along with life size statues of over
eighty famous personalities and a gallery of paintings and scriptures.

Parikshith Thampuram Museum, an erstwhile building of Rajas (Kings) was converted to a
museum. It had a treasure trove of archaeological findings and relics including old coins,
sculptures, oil paintings and murals. The building is now under the administration of Kerala
Lalitha Kala Academy and houses the Gallery of Contemporary Arts. All other exhibits from here
have been moved to the Hill Palace museum.

Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, located in the city of Kochi, is the fourth largest international
stadium in India and the largest in Kerala with a seating capacity of 60,000 in multiple tiers. The
ground is lit by a set of unique convex pylon floodlights that arch over the ground. The stadium is
home to both the Kerala Ranji cricket team and FC Kochi football team. Extensive grounds of the
stadium also serve other events.

Bolghatty Palace, located on Bolghatty island, a short boat ride from the mainland, was a Dutch
palace now converted into a hotel run by Kerala Tourism Corporation. Presently, there is nine
hole golf course, an ayurvedic center, daily Kathakali dance performances on the island and the
panoramic view of the port and the harbor makes it an attractive tour destination.

Hill Palace, 16 kms (10 miles) from Kochi in the town of Tripunithura, built in the 19th century for
Raja (King) of Kochi, has been converted into a museum displaying a fine collection of articles
showing the wealth and splendor of the Rajas of Kochi, including the throne, crown and collection
of archeological findings.

Palliport (Pallipuram) Fort, about half an hour ride to Pallipuram in Vypeen Island, is the oldest
surviving European fort in India built by the Portuguese.

Cherai Beach, located on the north end of Vypeen island, is lined by gorgeous coconut groves
and paddy fields. Vypeen can be reached by land or by boat.

Veega Land, about 14 kms (9 miles) from Kochi, is south India’s largest amusement park. It has
mini castles, water theme park, ferris wheel, rides, slides, shows, fountains and more. It is spread
over an area of about 30 acres on the top of the hill. The surrounding greenery of trees and plants
make it more fascinating place to visit.

Marine Drive, a long tree lined coastal pathway that lines the backwaters in Kochi, is an ideal
place for a stroll specially in the late afternoon or dusk. Contrary to its name, drive, no vehicular
traffic is allowed on the walkways. The area also has several shopping malls and some major
food joints call it a home. Bustling backwaters, dotted with fishing boats, speedboats, ships,
tankers and passenger boats can be observed from this walkway that lines the coast.

Willingdon Island, is a man made Island. It was created in 1933 with dredged soil from out of a
tiny island while deepening the backwaters for the Kochi Port under the direction of Sir Robert
Bristow. Previously an airport, it is now home to the Kochi Port. It is also headquarters of the
Southern Naval Command and a railway terminus.

Idukki, is a district and a township by the same name in the state. It is about 132 kms (82 miles
from Kochi) and is accessible by road only. The district is a bubbling beauty of nature. Spread
over an area of about 4479 sq kms (about 1729 sq miles), rugged mountains and forests cover
most of the area. Anamudi is India’s highest peak here south of the Himalayas. There are thirteen
other peaks in the district over 2000 meter (6600 feet). It is girded by three main rivers, Periyar,
Thalayar, Thodupuzhayer and their tributaries. Idukki offers diverse tourist attractions like wildlife
sanctuaries, hill stations, plantations, mountain treks, elephant rides and more.

Kulamavu Dam, is another Dam lying west of Idukki Arch Dam.

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, is located in the forestland between Cheruthoni and Periyar rivers. It
is spread over an area of 77 Sq kms (30 sq miles), at about 450-748 meters (1475 – 2454 feet)
above sea level. It is about 40 kms (25 miles) from the town of Thodupuzha. Also found here is
the Idukki Arch Dam constructed across the Kuravan and Kurathi Hills. It is the world’s second
and Asia’s first arch dam about 550 feet high, 650 feet wide. Another Dam lying west of Idukki
Arch Dam is Kulamavu Dam. Besides elephants there are several other species of animals,
various species of reptiles and birds.

Idduki Hill View Park, offers a panoramic view of a large area than one can experience from any
high mountain park. Sights of wild elephants in their natural habitat enthrall the visitors. Situated
adjacent to Idukki Arch Dam and Cheruthony Dam, it is spread over an area of 8 acres and has
been aesthetically designed with a natural water body with pedal boating facilities, the herbal
garden and children’s play area.

Peermede, a prominent hill station, a famous plantation town, is located about 85 kms (52 miles)
from Idukki at about 917 feet above sea level. It is said to takes its name from Sufi Saint Peer
Mohammed associated with royal family of Travancore. It is home to wide vistas of tea,
cardamom, rubber and coffee plantations interspersed with silver cascades, sculptured rocks,
meadows and mist cloaked hilltops, waterfalls, green fields and more. The most delightful
trekking trails complement the panoramic landscape. The summer residence of the royal family
which has been converted in to Government guest house adds to the splendor of the area. Some
tribal inhabitants may also be seen here.

Kuttikkanam, around the Peermede area, is a place of adventure tourism and trekking. It is a
plantation town surrounded by lush green hills and fragrance of cardamom.

Thrissanku Hills, 5 kms (3 miles) from Peermedu and 0.5 kms (0.34 mile) from Kuttikkanam, is a
hill station entirely covered by green grass. It is an ideal spot for observing the beauty of the
surrounding areas, the tranquil environments and is a big attraction for long walks on its lovely
landscape with gentle breeze and breathtaking views.

Peeru Hills, about 4 kms (2.5 miles) from Peermede and 1 km (0.70 miles) from Kuttikkanam, is
a fascinating hill and is favorite haunt of trekkers and picnickers.

Grampi, about 5 Kms (3 miles) from Peermedu, is also known as Parunthupara (Eagle Rock)
because of the panoramic view from its peak.

Pattumala, about 17 kms (11 miles) from Peermede, 28 kms (17 miles) from Thekkady, the
name literally means hill draped in silk, is home to the two most famous tea plantations namely
Harrisons Malayalam and A V Thomas & Co. The Velankanni Matha Church, built entirely
of granite at top of the hill is a famous pilgrim center.

Vagamon, about 25 kms (16 miles) from Peermede, is a chain of three hills, Thangal Hills,
Mudugan Hills and Kurisumala Hills and is a haven of tranquility.

Sahyadri Ayurvedic Center, is a state of the art Ayurvedic Hospital facility managed by the
Peermedu Development Society in Pallikunnu.

Munnar, a hill resort at about 1600 meters (5240 feet) above sea level, nearest airport Kochi
about 110 kms (68 miles), is situated at the confluence of three mountainous streams,
Mudrapuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala about with highest peak 2695 meters (8840 feet). Munnar
was the summer resort of the erstwhile British Government in Kerala. Places of tourist interest
may include the following:

Pothamadu, the rolling hills, about 6 kms (3.75 miles) from Munnar, is ideal for trekking and long
mountain walks.

Devikulam, about 7 kms (4 miles) from Munnar, is a serene beauty with Sita Devi Lake which is
said to have mineral waters and picturesque surroundings.

Pallivasal, about 8 kms (5 miles) from Munnar, is the venue of the first Hydro electric project in
Kerala and a place of immense scenic beauty.

Attukal, about 9 kms (5.60 miles) from Munnar, is rolling hill located between Munnar and
Pallivasal with panorama of waterfalls.

Nyayamakad, about 10 kms (6 miles) from Munnar, located between Munnar and Rajamala, is a
land of breathtaking greenery, picturesque waterfalls with waters cascading from a height of
about 1600 meters (5240 feet) making it very desirable for picnics, trekking and fishing.
Pallyvasal Hydel Power Project and the tea plantations are other attractions/

Mattupetty, about 13 kms (8 miles) from Munnar at a height of about 1700 meters (557 feet), is
known for its highly specialized dairy farming.

Lock Heart Gap, about 13 kms (8 miles) from Munnar, is an ideal place for adventure tourism
and trekking.

Rajamala at 2695 meters (8840 feet) above sea level, about 15 kms (9 miles) from Munnar, is
the natural habitat of the Nilgiri Tahr in beautiful green surroundings.

Echo Point, about 15 kms (9 miles) from Munnar, blanketed with beautiful greenery gets its
name from the natural echo phenomenon in this hilly area.

Eravikulam National Park, about 15 kms (9 miles) from Munnar, a park spread over 97 sq kms
(about 37 sq miles) in the high ranges, is home to the Nilgiri Tahr and other fauna.

Power House Waterfalls, about 18 kms (11 miles) from Munnar, located on way to Periyar
wildlife sanctuary in Thekkady, enriched with scenic western mountain ranges greenery and
cascading waterfalls from a height of about 2000 meters (6500 feet) is believed to relate to
Ramayana epic of Hindus.

Thekkady, about 172 kms (107 miles) from Kochi and 65 kms (41 miles) from Idukki, near the
border of Tamil Nadu state, is an unending chain of hills, spice scented plantations and one of the
finest wildlife reserves in India with picturesque plantations and hill towns that hold great
opportunities for trekking and mountain walks.

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary, in the rich jungles of Periyar, at a distance of about 32 kms (20 miles)
from Thekkady, is one of the world’s most fascinating natural wildlife reserves spread
across 777 sq kms (301 sq miles) of which 360 sq kms (140 sq miles) is thick evergreen forest on
the high hills. Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978. This is the only
sanctuary in India where one can have the unique experience of viewing wildlife at close quarters
from the safety of a boat on the lake. The greatest attraction of Periyar, however, is the herds of
wild elephants that come down to play in the lake.

Kurisumala, is a place for adventure tourism and trekking and offers a panoramic view of Kumily
town and Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary.

Kumily, about 4 Kms (2.5 miles) from Thekkady, is a plantation town on the outskirts of the
Periyar Sanctuary and an important spice trade and shopping center.

Pandikuzhi, is located about 5 kms (3.1 miles) from Kumily. It is known for its emerald greenery
and brooks. A picturesque spectrum of exotic flora, fauna and gurgling streams is cradled
between village known as Chellarkovil and Tamil Nadu border. This is also a starting point for
Chellarkovil waterfalls which fall in to the plains of Tamil Nadu.

Mangala Devi Temple, about 15 kms (9 miles) from Thekkady, is an ancient temple hidden in the
dense woods at the top of a peak about 1337 meters (4400 feet) above sea level, built in
traditional Kerala style architecture. The temple is closed through out the year except for Chitra
Pournami festival which falls during the months of April to May.

Chellakovil, about 15 kms (9 miles) from Kumily, is a little village with breathtaking view of the
plains and cascading waterfalls.

Pullumedu, about 43 kms (27 miles) from Thekkady and 26 kms (16 miles) from Periyar, is a hill
town along the Periyar River that offers a stunning view of the rolling hills draped in lush
greenery. The famous Sree Ayyappa Temple at Sabarimala and the Makara Jyothi illumination at
the shrine are visible from here. It is a part of the restricted forest zone and special permission to
visit Pullumendu is required.

Ramakalmedu, about 40 kms (25 miles) from Thekkady and 75 kms (47 miles) from Munnar, is
an enchanting retreat with rolling green hills and fresh mountain air.

Kottayam, about 90 kms (56 miles) from Kochi and 160 kms (100 miles) from
Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), is a town bordered by lofty and mighty Western Ghats on the
east and Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on west. This is a land of unique
characteristics with panoramic backwater stretches, lush paddy fields, hills, rubber plantations
and places associated with many interesting legends. This is first town in India to have achieved
100 percent literacy and it has been given the distinct title of the Land of Letters. The town is the
gateway to pilgrim centers of Sabarimala, Mannanam, Kuruvilangad, Vaikom, Ettumanoo,
Bharananganam, Erumeli, Manarcadu, Aruvithura and Athirampuzha. It is an educational hub of
the state and home to important government organizations. Besides numerous temples, it has
a school for training in Temple art forms like Panchavdyam (orchestra of five musical instruments).

Kumarkom Bird Sanctuary, located on the banks of the Vembanad Lake about 14 kms (8.7
miles) from Kottayam, is spread over 14 acres, an ornithologist’s paradise, is a favorite haunt of
numerous migratory birds like the Siberian Stork, Egret, Darter, Heron and Teal in addition to the
natives like kingfishers ablaze in psychedelic colors and much more.

Pathiramanal, meaning sands of midnight, is an enchanting small island on the lake, which can
be reached by boat only. This 10 acres island on the backwaters is home to many rare varieties
of migratory birds from different parts of the world. It is about 1.5 kms (1 miles) from Muhamma
Boat Jetty and about 13 kms (8 miles) from Alapuzha. A cruise along the Vembanad Lake is the
best way to view and experience the sanctuary.

Elaveezha Poonchira, a hill station near Melukavu, Mattom, about 60 kms (37 miles) from
Kottayam, located among three beautiful hillocks Mankunnu, Kudayathoormala and Thonippara,
is a place of picturesque charm and is gaining tourist importance. The beautiful valleys of
Poonchira are spread across thousands of acres.

Poonjar Palace, located in Meenachil taluk, is a glorious testimony to the regal opulence of
bygone era. Within the palace walls is an extra ordinary royal collection of antiques and exquisite
furniture which include a palanquin, a droni carved out of a single piece of wood for ayurvedic
massages, huge chandeliers, palm leaf engravings, jewel boxes, a variety of lamps, sculptures of
Nataraja (dancing of Lord Shiva), grain measures, statues and weapons. Near the palace is an
amazing replica of the Madurai Meenakshi Temple. The walls of this temple have sculptures with
war fare stories from the Puranas, the legends of ancient India.

Wagamon, about 64 kms (40 miles) from Kottayam, an enchanting hill station at an elevation of
1100 meters (361 feet) above sea level and is the tourists’ and trekkers paradise.

Kollam or Quilon, an erstwhile seaport, a historical town on the Arabian coast and the fourth
largest city of Kerala, standing on the Ashtamudi Lake, is located 71 kms (44 miles) to the north
of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) and is the center of country’s cashew trading, processing
and the coir industry. The eight hour boat trip between Kollam and Alappuzha is the longest and
most enchanting experience on the backwaters of Kerala. The district also has some interesting
historic remnants, a number of temples built in the traditional ornate architectural style, gifted with
unique features like, lakes, plains, mountains, rivers, streams, backwaters, forest, vast green
fields and every variety of food crop. Kollam is railway junction.

Thankgassery Light House, standing 144 ft, is a center of attraction in Kollam.

Mahatma Gandhi Beach and Park at Kochupilamoodu, lies just 2 kms (1.25 miles) from
Kollam town and is a fascinating place for an evening.

Thirumullawaram Beach, about 6 kms (3.70 miles) from Kollam, is ideal place to relax in tranquil
natural beauty of the sea environements and take morning walks.

Kozikode, previously known as Calicut, is about 385 kms (240 miles) from Thiruvananthapuram
(Trivandrum). It is a historical town and the third largest city in the state. Kozikode became known
to history because of Vasco Da Gama’s discovery of route to India. Kappad, 16 kms (10 miles), is
a beach and a resort area, where Vasco Da Gama is said to have landed with three vessels and
170 men, which is so inscribed on a plaque set up on a pillar but some historians have named
nearby Pandalyani Kollam as the place he anchored.. The city has flourishing domestic and
international trade with an international airport, charming physical features, green countryside’s,
serene beaches, historic sites, wildlife sanctuaries, rivers, hills and more.

Beypore, is a small coastal village about 10 kms (6 miles) from Kozhikode at the mouth of the
Chaliyar River and is known for building wooden ships known as Dhows or Urus in the local
languages. Beypore also has a small port. It has a beautiful beach. There are two man-made
extensions to the sea to facilitate easy access for fishing boats.

Feroke, a town of historical significance in the Kozhikode metropolitan area, has an old road
bridge built by the British who once had a capital in city of Malabar. It is a center of industry in
Kerala specially the tiles. Rivers flowing from the Western Ghats through the forest are rich in
clay, a raw material needed for tile industry and other ceramic based wares. There are numerous
tile factories and timber and wood industries.

Ghat Section, called Cherapunjee of Kerala because of heavy rains, is thick dense forest about
44 kms (28 miles) from Kozhikode and is the boundary to Wayanad district. A journey through
this Ghat Section is enjoyable experience. It is 14 kms (9 miles) long with nine hairpin curves
amidst number of hills and thick forests. A view from the top can be a breathtaking experience.

Kakkayam Dam, about 45 kms (28 miles) from Kozhikode, is a picturesque dam, teeming with
exotic wildlife and offers excellent trekking and rock climbing opportunities.

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary, about 25 kms (16 miles) from Kozhikode and 7 kms (4 miles) from
Beypore port on the Arabian Sea, lies about 200 meter (656 feet) above sea level. The sanctuary
has recorded over one hundred species of birds like terns, gulls, harons, sandpipers, whimbrels
etc. including 60 seasonal and migratory species.

Kirtads stands for Kerala Institute of Research, Training and Development Studies and is located
in the town of Chevayur 7 kms (4.5 miles) from Kozhikode. It aims at research to promote
development of the community and has a unique museum housing the artifacts, tools and devices
used by the ancient tribes in addition to books on Anthropology and Sociology.

Getting around: Personal and rental autos, buses, taxis, houseboats and tour vehicles.

Tourist seasons: High tourist season is from November to mid-April, mid season May,
September, October and low season June to August.

Weather: Climatological Information Thiruvananthapuram (Trivadrum), India, source India
Meteorological Department. Altitudes and other factors may substantially influence the weather
conditions in the same city, town and neighborhood. Historical data may not be relied on for
current conditions. Visit relevant source for other climate variables.


100mm = 3.9370 inches, 50mm = 1.9685 inches,
25mm = 0.9842 inches, 12.5mm = 0.4921 inches


  1. Climatological information is based on monthly averages for the 100-year period 1901-
  2. Attention: Please note that the averaging period for climatological information and the
    definition of "Mean Number of Rain Days" quoted in this web site may be different for
    different countries. Hence, care should be taken when city climatologies are compared.

Tour sites and attractions: Kerala backwaters and cities sightseeing tours
Tour packages: Air, hotel, auto rental, tour packages by air, road, transfers from airport to hotel
and back, local sightseeing and other combinations.

To plan an itinerary, questions, details, book and buy air travel, hotel, auto rental, tour packages
and activities Contact Us with your travel dates and requirements.